The previous installment of this series ended by recounting the organizational meeting of the Euro-Arab Dialogue and the formation of the Parliamentary Association for Euro-Arab Cooperation in June 1974.

Euro-Arab Dialogue (EAD)

Among European states, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg were the most prominent proponents of the EAD. Also among these states, the French was the first to support the long-standing Arab demand that the PLO, which was well-represented at the meeting, participate in any negotiations regarding Israel. It was at this time that the French began pressing for international recognition of a Palestinian state.

The Joint Memorandum issued at the close of the organizational meeting includes these words:

    The establishment of a cooperation of the two groups is inspired by neighboring ties and a common cultural heritage, as well as by their complementary and convergent interests. This cooperation should contribute to reinforce the relations that already exist and to develop the friendship between the states and the people concerned. It should improve their comprehension and their mutual trust and open new horizons in the political, economical, social, and cultural domains.

    Areas of cooperation included nuclear technology, utilization of nuclear power, scientific research, technological development, technical & professional training, telecommunications, industrialization, finance, business, planning and building of cities, infrastructures, transportation, urbanization, health, education, and tourism.

    Regarding cultural matters, the Memorandum stated that the principal objective was the consolidation and deepening of cultural understanding, along with an intellectual rapprochement between the two regions. To achieve this, the two parties agreed to encourage discussions by scholars from existing institutions and the creation of a joint Euro-Arab cultural institution.

    The Memorandum also addressed the problems of the Arab workforce in Europe, which were to be settled by equality of treatment in employment, working and living conditions, and social security benefits.

In October 1974, a permanent EAD secretariat of 350 members devoted to cooperation between Europe and the Arab world was established in Paris.